While some people with myopia cannot see things clearly in a far distance, others – quite the opposite – cannot see quite well when an object near their eye. If you experience this kind of problem, you are having a vision problem called Hyperopia or farsightedness.
Although farsightedness does not seem quite a trouble as much as near-sightedness, still it can cause discomfort to some extent. Or even worse, it can make you lose concentration. Farsightedness is believed to be hereditary in the family.
1. What are symptoms?
The symptoms of farsightedness are different from person to person. But here are the most common ones, ask yourself if you are having one of these”
Headaches: when you are trying to look at an object
Eyestrain: You feel as if your eyes are under a lot of pressure
Squinting: Struggling to see, you have to squint your eyes so hard
Blurriness: Close objects appear blurred
Distraction: You have a hard time to concentrate
So, do you think that you are having farsightedness? Or not having one of those symptoms above but others. I suggest that you should visit your nearby eye clinic to have a check-up. Most of the people have farsightedness are children. However, adults are also not an exception.
2. What are complications?
Farsightedness can cause several problems if treatment is not taken. These are common issues:
Cross eyes – children with farsightedness can develop cross eye later in their life.
Reduced quality of life – farsightedness can affect your personal life or keep you from your daily tasks. It might detract you from having an enjoyment of day-to-day activities
Eyestrain – uncorrected farsightedness can make you to squint or strain your eyes when you want to focus on something. This can result in a headache or eyestrain
Impaired safety – your own safety will be affected seriously if you are driving a car or operate heavy equipment.
3. How is farsightedness diagnosed?
Hyperopia can be diagnosed via a comprehensive eye examination conducted by your eye doctor. The examination is like a standard vision test where you are asked to read letters on a board placed at the far end of the room.
If your test result comes out you are farsighted, the eye doctor will now use some examination devices to find out the cause of hyperopia. The process is rather simple. He or she will expose your eyes to a special kind of light, then a retina-scope will be used to observe how the light reflects off your retina. By looking at the reflection of the light back from inside your eyes, you will know whether you are farsighted or near-sighted.
4. How to correct farsightedness?
Just like other vision problems, farsightedness can be fixed with some methods. Those common ways to treat farsightedness naturally are wearing an eyeglass, contact lenses or a refractive surgery:
This seems to be the most simple and cheapest way to fix farsightedness. Eyeglasses can help you to fix your vision by a variety of lenses available for different types of condition such as bifocals, trifocals or single vision.
However, wearing an eyeglass all the time can cause discomfort if you are not familiar with and it might not a fashionable choice for many. Bear in mind that, in order to know exactly how many dioptres of the eyeglass you should wear, you need to consult with eye doctors and have eye examination test. Then the expert can decide the dioptre you should be wearing. Wearing an incorrect amount can make your eyes even more farsighted.
Pros and Cons of Eyeglasses:
|+ Cheap and easy to use||+ Not convenient to carry around|
|+ Flexible with many available lenses||+ Cheap spectacles can have bad quality|
Wearing contact lenses
This alternative might suit you better if you don’t want the silly look that piece of glasses gives on the face. This becomes more popular and favorable because it can help you to correct your vision. And at the same time, you still look good. Before you decide whether using contact lenses or not, go to see your eye doctor and get prescriptions from the expert.
As new technologies develop, many new types of contact lenses came into the market. In order to find the right one, you need to know a bit more about this thin plastic lenses.
Soft contact lenses are probably the most common one nowadays. These lenses are made from a mixture of water and a special type of plastic. This water lets oxygen flow through the lens to your cornea to keep your eyes comfortable and healthy while wearing them. In case if it does not get enough oxygen, the lens can cause your eyes to dry or to swell or more serious issues.
You can use various types of contacts lenses:
Daily disposable: These are soft ones that you can wear for a day and then discard them. It means you don’t have to clean them every day and avoid dry eyes or irrigation from contacts solution. For those who are allergic to contact lenses, this may be the best option.
Silicone–based material: This type of lens is called a breathable lens. They let plenty of air to pass through to your cornea and also to prevent deposit. Some silicon contacts are made for extended wear so that you can use for up to 30 days. However, it is still better to remove it during bedtime. Why? When you sleep, your eyes don’t get oxygen as much as when you awake. So the risk of having any complications is higher. So I highly suggest that you should talk to your eye care professional for advice.
Colour, soft contacts: They are fun, they are fashionable. Colour, soft contacts are available in a variety of color. There are 3 common types including visibility tint (lenses with a hint of color to make it easy for you to find if you drop them), Enhancement tint (lenses accent the natural color of your eyes) and Colour tint (lenses that can change your eye color).
Pros and Cons of contact lenses:
|+ Many soft lenses are disposable, you can throw away after using them for a while (some aren’t)||+ Soft lens material can absorb dust, chemical or anything that cause irritation|
|+ Less chance of infection and less cleaning||+ They are fragile|
|+ Many soft lenses offer UV protection built-in||+ Require extra care and keep in hygienic condition|
|+ More comfortable||+ Can cause dry eye|
Taking refractive surgery.
This is a common effective treatment used to correct far-sightedness. Although they also can be used in fixing near-sightedness. 3 common types of refractive surgery are:
Laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) – you go through an eye exam and endless explanation of the risk. Then you will be moved to place your eyes wide open right under the laser. Numbing drops are used to comfort your eyes during the procedure. The total time of the process is less than 30 seconds. With this procedure, the eye doctor makes a thin, hinged flap that later will be adjusted to correct the farsightedness on your eye cornea.
Laser-assisted subepithelial keratectomy (LASEK) – this technique is a mixed technique between LASIK and PKR. The LASEK treatment is useful for those who have too thin corneas for LASIK technique. LASEK can reduce the risk of infection and recovery time
Photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) – this procedure is almost similar to LASEK surgery, but the process completely removes the epithelium and then reshape your eye corneas. The epithetlium will grow back naturally, giving your corneas a new shape.
Pros and Cons of Refractive Surgery:
|+ Laser procedure is quick and safe, the result can almost see right away after a day||+ It is very costly and not everyone can afford|
|+ Your vision problem can be corrected to 99%||+ People who are older than 40 also need to consult with the doctor whether they eligible|
5. When you need to see the doctor?
Not everyone who has farsightedness go to see the doctor, unless the degree of farsightedness make it difficult for you to perform daily tasks. Then a visit to a doctor might be necessary. The American Academy of Ophthalmology give suggestions:
If you think you have a high risk of getting any of vision problems, such as glaucoma, near-sightedness or farsightedness or you have a health condition that affects your eyes. You should get an eye exam every one to two years when you are at age 40. Reversely, if you are not at high risk then you should get your eye checked at the following schedule:
+ An exam at 40
+ 2 to 4 years between 40 and 54
+ 1 to 3 years between 55 and 64
+ 1 to 2 years when you start at age 65
Some expert recommends that even if you don’t have any vision problem, schedule an appointment with your eye doctor at least once every two years. If you notice some blurred vision, for example, you may need to see your doctor immediately although it could a sign of another problem.
For children and adolescent:
Dr Peter Hadden, a specialist Eye Surgeon at Eye Institute in Auckland. He suggests the ideal following ages and intervals for children to have their eye checked are:
+ By 6 months of age
+ At 3-4 years of age
+ At 5 years of age
In the article, you know about what hyperopia is, its symptom, complication and how to treat farsightedness naturally. The way of treatments (Eyeglasses, Contact lenses or Refractive surgery) depends on your severeness and your style. We also give the pros and cons of each method that support your chosen. You can find out more article about Hyperopia on this website by using searching box. If you have any question, don’t forget to contact with us. We are here to help.